Tumor ablation including carotid artery resection and simultaneous reconstruction: A retrospective study

J Craniomaxillofac Surg. 2024 Mar 26:S1010-5182(24)00116-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jcms.2024.03.033. Online ahead of print.


The study purpose is to review the surgical approach and evaluate the results in cases of head and neck malignancies with internal carotid artery invasion. The anatomical site of the primary tumor varied including a fixed massive metastatic neck disease of an occult intraoral carcinoma of the right tonsil, a recurrent metastatic neck tumor after laryngectomy for glottic primary carcinoma and a metastatic malignant melanoma of an unknown primary origin. In all cases carotid artery was invaded and therefore resected. An extended Javid shunt was performed between common carotid artery (CCA) and internal carotid artery (ICA) followed by CCA grafting with an interposition saphenous vein graft. In one case the vagus nerve was also grafted with an interposition sural graft. The total patient number was three. By clinical examination, follow-up and duplex scanning, the patency of the carotid grafts, vascular and non-vascular complications, disease recurrence and survival were analysed. Additionally, there was a double metachronous reconstruction for recurrence, giving the opportunity to study the graft adoption and response to disease. Internal carotid artery invasion portends a poor prognosis. The results show that carotid artery resection followed by the appropriate reconstruction yields a chance for cure or can provide reasonable palliation.

PMID:38582678 | DOI:10.1016/j.jcms.2024.03.033