Neurostimulation After Stroke

Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2024 May;35(2):369-382. doi: 10.1016/j.pmr.2023.06.008. Epub 2023 Aug 21.


Neural stimulation technology aids stroke survivors in regaining lost motor functions. This article explores its applications in upper and lower limb stroke rehabilitation. The authors review various methods to target the corticomotor system, including transcranial direct current stimulation, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation, and vagus nerve stimulation. In addition, the authors review the use of peripheral neuromuscular electrical stimulation for therapeutic and assistive purposes, including transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation, neuromuscular electrical stimulation, and functional electrical stimulation. For each, the authors examine the potential benefits, limitations, safety considerations, and FDA status.

PMID:38514224 | DOI:10.1016/j.pmr.2023.06.008