Characterization of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) Dose-Dependent Effects on EEG Power Spectrum and Synchronization

Biomedicines. 2024 Mar 1;12(3):557. doi: 10.3390/biomedicines12030557.


This study investigates the dose-dependent EEG effects of Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS) in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy. This research examines how varying VNS intensities impacts EEG power spectrum and synchronization in a cohort of 28 patients. Patients were categorized into responders, partial-responders, and non-responders based on seizure frequency reduction. The methods involved EEG recordings at incremental VNS intensities, followed by spectral and synchronization analysis. The results reveal significant changes in EEG power, particularly in the delta and beta bands across different intensities. Notably, responders exhibited distinct EEG changes compared to non-responders. Our study has found that VNS intensity significantly influences EEG power topographic allocation and brain desynchronization, suggesting the potential use of acute dose-dependent effects to personalized VNS therapy in the treatment of epilepsy. The findings underscore the importance of individualized VNS dosing for optimizing therapeutic outcomes and highlight the use of EEG metrics as an effective tool for monitoring and adjusting VNS parameters. These insights offer a new avenue for developing individualized VNS therapy strategies, enhancing treatment efficacy in epilepsy.

PMID:38540170 | PMC:PMC10968041 | DOI:10.3390/biomedicines12030557